Astronomy and Instrumentation graduates, who would like to get more deeply involved in research, may consider pursuing a PhD at Leiden Observatory. In the Netherlands, unlike most other countries, PhD students are employed as civil servants with regular salaries, as well as social security and retirement benefits. In addition to general calls for applications, job openings for specific PhD positions are made available throughout the academic year. To view current job openings, please visit Leiden Observatory’s Jobs page. More information about PhD opportunities at Leiden Observatory can be found here.